Oral Disease Prevention
Oral Disease Prevention
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Oral health affects our ability to speak, smile, chew, taste, smell, swallow as well as communicate through facial expressions. There are a variety of oral diseases that can affect your oral health and oral diseases may be indicators of other health problems including diabetes, heart disease, stroke and premature or low-weight births. But the good news is most oral diseases are preventable by incorporating good oral hygiene and making smart lifestyle choices. Regular routine dental exams can uncover early stages of oral diseases treating them before they cause permanent damage.

 

Tooth decay (cavities)
Tooth decay is a very common disorder, second only to the common cold and usually occurs in children and young adults. Bacteria are normally found in your mouth and help convert food into acids. Bacteria, acid, food pieces and saliva combine in the mouth to form plaque. If plaque is not removed, it will begin to decay the teeth by creating holes or cavities. An untreated cavity can lead to a tooth abscess or destruction of tooth pulp, which can lead to tooth loss. Good oral and dental hygiene can help keep your teeth intact by avoiding cavities and tooth decay.

 

Follow these tips to help prevent cavities:

 

  • Brush after eating or drinking - at least twice a day with flouride toothpaste
  • Floss
  • Rinse your mouth
  • Get professional tooth cleanings from your dentist
  • Drink tap water - it contains flouride and helps wash food particles
  • Avoid frequent snacking - your mouth will create acids that over time can destroy tooth enamel
  • Eat tooth-healthy foods - fresh fruits and vegetables increase saliva flow, sugar-free gum helps wash away food particles. Avoid foods high in sugar and starch and sticky foods.
  • Consider flouride treatments
  • Ask about antibacterial treatments

 

Periodontal (gum) disease
Bacteria, acid, food pieces and saliva combine in the mouth to form plaque. Plaque sticks to your teeth and if not removed turns into tarta. Plaque and tartar irritate the gums, resulting in gingivitis and periodontis. Periodontal disease is an infection caused by bacteria that gets under the gum tissue. It destroys the gums and bone. Chewing becomes difficult, teeth can become loose and may even have to be extracted.

 

Follow these tips to help prevent cavities:


  • Brush at least twice a day with flouride toothpaste and brush your tongue
  • Consider an electric toothbrush with rotating and oscillating action
  • Floss
  • Rinse your mouth with antiseptic mouthwash
  • Get professional tooth cleanings from your dentist
  • Use disclosing tablets - they will color any plaque left on the teeth after brushing
  • Ask about antibacterial treatment
  • Eat fresh fruits and vegetables increase saliva flow, sugar-free gum helps wash away food particles. Avoid foods high in sugar and starch and sticky foods.
  • Avoid tabacco - it reduces your ability to fight infection and delays healing. Tobacco users are more likely to develop gum disease than non-smokers.

 

 

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